Benthic foraminiferal biotic events related to the Paleocene–Eocene Thermal Maximum along the California margin

The faunal expression of the Paleocene-Eocene Thermal Maximum (PETM) is well documented in deep-sea sediments. However, few studies have examined continental margin sections, especially active margins. The Moreno and Lodo formations, Central California, were deposited along the eastern margin of a north-south trending forearc basin on the convergent margin of California during the Cretaceous through Late Cenozoic. The Tumey Gulch section which includes the Moreno and Lodo formations, is 80 m thick, contains the Paleocene-Eocene boundary and Carbon Isotope Excursion (CIE), and was deposited at abyssal to lower bathyal depths along an active continental margin. Benthic foraminiferal assemblages from this section record faunal changes related to the PETM and a younger hyperthermal, ETM3 which include a disruption of the gradual shallowing of water depths and fluctuation of the CCD …

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